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1.14: Preparing to Install Linux [复制链接]

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发表于 2007-04-04 17:20 |显示全部楼层
Certification Objective 1.14: Preparing to Install Linux
认证目的 1.14: 准备安装 Linux
Installing Linux on most Intel-based computers is pretty straightforward.
安装在大多数的以英代尔為主的计算机上的 Linux 相当笔直。
In many cases, most installation proceeds without problems.
在许多情况, 没有问题的大多数的安装收入。
Generally, if you are installing Linux on one modern computer, it should be okay to just install Linux without worrying too much about your hardware.
通常,如果你正在一部现代的计算机上安装 Linux ,它应该对只是安装 Linux 没有有关你的硬件烦恼太多没问题。
However, if you have problems, you'll save yourself a lot of time and frustration by knowing exactly what hardware you have.
然而,如果你有问题, 你藉由完全地知道将会节省你自己许多时间和挫折什么硬件你有。
Before you start installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux, it's helpful to be familiar with the following components of your system:
在你启动安装红帽企业 Linux 之前,熟悉你的系统的下列元件是有帮助的:
Drives Check to see if you are using SCSI or IDE drives.
磁盘检查看看是否你正在使用小型电脑标准介面或 IDE 磁盘。
You should know the manufacturer, model number, and capacity of the drive.
你应该知道磁盘的制造业者,样板的数目和容量。
In addition, if it's a SCSI drive, make sure you know its SCSI ID number.
除此之外,如果它是一个小型电脑标准介面磁盘,确定你知道它的小型电脑标准介面身份证编号。
(As of this writing, if you're installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux on a VMWare machine, emulated SCSI drives don't work; you'll have to configure an emulated IDE hard drive.)
(当这写作,如果你正在一个 VMWare 机器, 被效法小型电脑标准介面磁盘上安装红帽企业 Linux 之时不工作; 你将会必须配置一个被效法的 IDE 硬式磁盘机。)
Hard drive controller Know the manufacturer and model number of the drive controller.
硬式磁盘机控制器知道制造业者和磁盘控制器的样板数目。
If this data is hard to find, at least try to find the chipset of the controller.
如果这一个数据困难找, 至少尝试找控制器的晶片组。
If it's an IDE controller, the documentation is associated with the computer motherboard.
如果它有一个 IDE 控制器, 文件编写与计算机母盘有关。
If it's a SCSI controller, see the documentation associated with that controller.
如果它有一个小型电脑标准介面控制器,见与那一个控制器有关的文件编写。
CD-ROM For most standard SCSI or IDE CD-ROMs, the standard drivers should work without problems.
光盘大部分来说标准的小型电脑标准介面或 IDE 光盘, 标准的驱动器应该没有问题工作。
However, if you are using a CD-ROM with a proprietary interface, you should know the manufacturer, as well as the model of the drive and controller card.
然而,如果你正在和一个专有的介面一起使用一个光盘,你应该认识制造业者、连同磁盘的模型和控制器卡。
Mouse You should know the type of mouse that you have-such as PS/2, serial, or USB.
捕鼠你应该知道你有-像是 PS/2 、连载或万用串列总线的鼠标的型态。
If your mouse uses a serial port, it helps if you know which port.
如果你的鼠标使用一个串行端口,如果你知道哪一个移植,它帮助。
For example, if you're converting a computer that's running Microsoft Windows, a serial mouse is associated with a serial port, typically COM1, COM2, COM3, or COM4.
举例来说,如果你正在转换正在运行微软公司 Windows 的一部计算机,一个连续的鼠标与一个串行端口有关, 典型地 COM1 、 COM2 、 COM3 或 COM4.
The corresponding Linux device files are /dev/ttyS0, /dev/ttyS1, /dev/ttyS2, and /dev/ttyS3.
对应的 Linux 装置文件是 /dev/ttyS 0, /dev/ttyS 1, /dev/ttyS 2, 和 /dev/ttyS 3.
And the number of buttons on a mouse may not be obvious; if you have a two-button mouse with a scrolling wheel that you can click, you actually have a three-button mouse.
而且在一个鼠标上的按钮的数目可能不是明显的; 如果你用你能点一下的一个卷动轮子有一个二按钮的鼠标, 你实际上有一三按钮的捕鼠。
Graphics card If you will be running the Linux graphical user interface (GUI), also known as X or X11, you will need the manufacturer, the model number, the chipset, and the amount of video memory.
如果你将会运行 Linux 图解式的使用者介面 (图形用户接口),别名为 X 或者 X 11 ,图形备置卡片,你将会需要制造业者,样板的数目,晶片组和大量的电视存储器。
If it's a fairly common graphics card and you can't find the chipset or memory, you should be able to select a generic or older version of the card from the X installation database.
如果它是一个非常共同的图形卡,而且你不能找晶片组或者存储器,你应该能够选择来自 X 安装数据库的卡的一个一般性或比较旧版本。
Sound, video, and game adapters If you want to set up sound on your system, you should know the manufacturer and model number of the sound card.
听, 影像、和博弈转接器如果你想要在你的系统上建立声音,你应该知道制造业者和语音卡的样板数目。
If plug and play doesn't work for your sound card, you'll also need the default IRQ port, I/O address, and DMA channel(s).
如果即插即用不为你的语音卡工作,你也将会需要内定的 IRQ 埠, 输入/输出位址、和 DMA 波道 (s).
Especially on laptops, this information may be stored in your BIOS.
尤其在膝上型电脑上,这信息可能在你的基本输出入系统被储存。
Network adapters If you are going to network your Linux system, you should know the manufacturer and model number of the network adapter.
网络转接器如果你正在去网络你的 Linux 系统,你应该知道制造业者和网络转接器的样板数目。
If plug and play doesn't work for your network adapter, you should find its default IRQ port and I/O address.
如果即插即用不为你的网络转接器工作,你应该找它的内定 IRQ 埠和输入/输出位址。
Monitor If you will be running the Linux GUI, based on the Linux implementation of the X Window System (
www.xfree86.org
), you will need the manufacturer, model number, available resolutions, and refresh frequencies of the monitor.
如果你将会运行 Linux 图形用户接口, 以 X 窗囗系统 (
www.xfree
86. org) 的 Linux 实施为基础,检测,你将会需要制造业者,样板的数目,可得的解析度和刷新显示器的频率。
On The Job  Be especially careful with older monitors or laptop displays.
在作业上尤其小心具有较旧的显示器或膝上型电脑显示装置。
Exceeding the frequency refresh capabilities of such monitors could easily overload the display system.
超过如此的显示器的频率刷新能力可以容易地超载显示系统。
Replacing a laptop display is not a pleasant exercise!
更换一个膝上型电脑显示装置不是一种愉快的练习!
Not all hardware will work with Linux.
不是所有的硬件都将会与 Linux 合作。
After you've collected information about your system, you should consult the Red Hat Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) or LDP Hardware HOWTO to determine if your components are compatible with the current version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
在你已经收集关于你的系统的资讯之后,你应该请教红帽硬件相容列表 (字锤控制逻辑) 或者自民党硬件 HOWTO 决定是否你的元件是与红帽企业 Linux 的目前版本相容。

本文来自ChinaUnix博客,如果查看原文请点:http://blog.chinaunix.net/u/22330/showart_270942.html
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