免费注册 查看新帖 |

Chinaunix

  平台 论坛 博客 文库
最近访问板块 发新帖
查看: 2669 | 回复: 1

oracle11g grid asm centos53 [复制链接]

论坛徽章:
0
发表于 2011-12-22 08:54 |显示全部楼层

 

1.  新建用户以及组

 

新建oinstallasmadminasmdbaasmoperdbaoper

#groupadd –g 500 oinstall

#groupadd –g 501 asmadmin

#groupadd –g 502 asmdba

#groupadd –g 503 asmoper

#groupadd –g 504 dba

#groupadd –g 505 oper

新建gridoracle用户

#useradd –u 500 –d /home/grid –g 500 –G asmadmin asmdba asmoper grid

#useradd –u 501 –d /home/oracle –g 500 –G dba oper oracle

具体描述以及对应关系见下表

 

Description

OS Group Name

OS Users Assigned to this Group

Oracle Privilege

Oracle Group Name

Oracle Inventory and Software Owner

oinstall

grid, oratest

 

 

Oracle Automatic Storage Management Group

asmadmin

grid

SYSASM

OSASM

ASM Database Administrator Group

asmdba

grid, oratest

SYSDBA for ASM

OSDBA for ASM

ASM Operator Group

asmoper

grid

SYSOPER for ASM

OSOPER for ASM

Database Administrator

dba

oratest

SYSDBA

OSDBA

Database Operator

oper

oratest

SYSOPER

OSOPER

1:两台主机上新建的用户以及组的id都必须完全相同,最好能将用户的首要组也设置成一样

2:用户和组的对应关系必须和上表严格一致,否则日后安装grid以及建库的时候会报错

 

 

 

 

2.新建文件系统或者目录

 

本次实施过程中,是将两块根盘做了raid1,然后使用lvm方式进行的划分,具体新建新的文件系统方法如下:(系统的根盘对应的vgvg00

#lvcreate –L 20480 –n lvu09 vg00  #划分出一个20Glvu09

#fsadm –e ext3 /dev/vg00/lvu09

#mkdir /u09

#vi fstab   #编辑fstab,让文件系统可以随即mount

#mount /dev/vg00/lvu09 /u09

#cd /u09

#mkdir –p /u09/grid

#mkdir –p /u09/11.2.0/grid

#mkdir –p /u09/11.2.0/oracle

#chown grid:oinstall /u09

#chown oracle:oinstall /u09/11.2.0/oracle

如果不是使用的lvm方式,只需要在/下面新建目录,在赋予权限就可以了

 

3.调整系统参数

 

31修改sysctl.conf,增加或修改以下参数:

kernel.shmmni=4096

kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500

net.core.rmem_default = 262144

net.core.rmem_max = 4194304

net.core.wmem_default = 262144

net.core.wmem_max = 1048576

fs.file-max=6815744

fs.aio-max-nr=1048576

 

32修改/etc/security/limits.conf文件中增加以下:

oracle soft nproc 2047

oracle hard nproc 16384

oracle soft nofile 1024

oracle hard nofile 65536

grid soft nproc 2047

grid hard nproc 16384

grid soft nofile 1024

grid hard nofile 65536

 

33/etc/pam.d/login 文件中增加:

session    required     /lib/security/pam_limits.so

session    required     pam_limits.so

 

34修改/etc/profile,增加:

if [ $USER = "oratest" ] || [ $USER = "grid" ]; then

                if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then

                      ulimit -p 16384

                      ulimit -n 65536

                else

                      ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

                fi

        fi

 

35修改/etc/hosts文件

127.0.0.1               localhost.localdomain localhost

::1             localhost6.localdomain6 localhost6

 #public

192.168.161.63 tydic63

192.168.161.64 tydic64

 #private

10.10.10.1 tydic63-priv

10.10.10.2 tydic64-priv

 #virtual

192.168.161.73 tydic63-vip

192.168.161.74 tydic64-vip

 #scan

192.168.161.65 tydic-cluster-scan

 

36配置网卡

将两台机器的eth0配置成192.168.161.网段,eth1配置成10.10.10网段

#ifconfig eth0 192.168.161.63 netmask 255.255.255.0

#ifconfig eth1 10.10.10.1 netmask 255.255.255.0

 

37配置网关

修改/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

修改default gateway  192.168.161.1

即时生效:

# route add default gw 192.168.161.1

 

38配置dns

修改/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

修改dns 202.96.134.133

修改/etc/resolv.conf

 

39修改hostname

#hostname tydic63

 

完成上面的修改后执行

#/sbin/sysctl –p

使修改生效,或者重启主机(个人建议重启一下,看看修改后是否主机重启是否存在问题)

 

 

310配置环境变量

配置grid用户的环境变量(tydic63上的ORACLE_SID=+ASM1tydic64上的ORACLE_SID=+ASM2

export ORACLE_HOSTNAME=tydic63

ORACLE_SID=+ASM1; export ORACLE_SID

ORACLE_BASE=/u09/app/grid; export ORACLE_BASE

ORACLE_HOME=/u09/app/11.2.0/grid; export ORACLE_HOME

ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM

NLS_DATE_FORMAT="DD-MON-YYYY HH24:MI:SS"; export NLS_DATE_FORMAT

TNS_ADMIN=$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin; export TNS_ADMIN

ORA_NLS11=$ORACLE_HOME/nls/data; export ORA_NLS11

PATH=.:${JAVA_HOME}/bin:${PATH}:$HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

PATH=${PATH}:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/bin/X11:/usr/local/bin

PATH=${PATH}:/u09/app/common/oracle/bin

export PATH

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=${LD_LIBRARY_PATH}:$ORACLE_HOME/oracm/lib

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=${LD_LIBRARY_PATH}:/lib:/usr/lib:/usr/local/lib

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH

CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE

CLASSPATH=${CLASSPATH}:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib

CLASSPATH=${CLASSPATH}:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib

CLASSPATH=${CLASSPATH}:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib

export CLASSPATH

THREADS_FLAG=native; export THREADS_FLAG

export TEMP=/tmp

export TMPDIR=/tmp

umask 022

配置oracle用户的环境变量(tydic63上的ORACLE_SID=1oratest1tydic64上的ORACLE_SID=oratest2

export ORACLE_HOSTNAME=tydic63

ORACLE_SID=oratest1; export ORACLE_SID

ORACLE_UNQNAME=oratest; export ORACLE_UNQNAME

ORACLE_BASE=/u09/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE

ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1; export ORACLE_HOME

ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM

NLS_DATE_FORMAT="DD-MON-YYYY HH24:MI:SS"; export NLS_DATE_FORMAT

TNS_ADMIN=$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin; export TNS_ADMIN

ORA_NLS11=$ORACLE_HOME/nls/data; export ORA_NLS11

PATH=.:${JAVA_HOME}/bin:${PATH}:$HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

PATH=${PATH}:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/bin/X11:/usr/local/bin

PATH=${PATH}:/u09/app/common/oracle/bin

export PATH

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=${LD_LIBRARY_PATH}:$ORACLE_HOME/oracm/lib

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=${LD_LIBRARY_PATH}:/lib:/usr/lib:/usr/local/lib

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH

CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE

CLASSPATH=${CLASSPATH}:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib

CLASSPATH=${CLASSPATH}:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib

CLASSPATH=${CLASSPATH}:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib

export CLASSPATH

THREADS_FLAG=native; export THREADS_FLAG

export TEMP=/tmp

export TMPDIR=/tmp

umask 022

 

4Centos5.3 64bit  安装数据库必须安装的系统包如下:

binutils

compat-libstdc++

elfutils-libelf

elfutils-libelf-devel

glibc

glibc-common

glibc-devel

gcc

gcc-c++

libaio

libaio-devel  (i386

libgcc-

libstdc++

libstdc++-devel

make

sysstat

unixODBC   (i386

unixODBC-devel   (i386

pdksh

注:上述包都必须安装64位的,即x86-64的,但是带(i386)的包,就必须同时安装32位的包

安装方法如下:

首先检测上述包是否安装:

#rpm –q pdksh

没有就使用yum命令搜索

#yum search pdksh

再用yum命令将搜索出来的包安装

#yum install pdksh .x86_64

注:本次安装的操作系统centos5364bit)所有的系统包都可以在网络上搜索,所以配置网络的时候可以将dns配置好,直接利用网络资源

 

5配置ssh信任

配置群集每个节点上的SSH。在每个节点上以grid用户登陆执行下列任务:

#su - grid

#mkdir ~/.ssh

#chmod 700 ~/.ssh

#/usr/bin/ssh-keygen -t rsa 这里可以接受其默认设置

RSA公钥被写入~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub文件,私钥写入~/.ssh/id_rsa文件。

tydic63节点上以Grid用户登陆,生成一个authorized_keys文件,然后复制到tydic64上:

#su - grid

#cd ~/.ssh

#cat id_rsa.pub >> authorized_keys

#scp authorized_keys tydic64:/home/grid/.ssh/

接下来,在tydic64上以Grid用户登陆,执行下面的命令:

#su - grid

#cd ~/.ssh

#cat id_rsa.pub >> authorized_keys

#scp authorized_keys tydic63:/home/grid/.ssh/

现在在两台服务器上的authorized_keys文件都包括了所有节点的公钥。

为了使每个群集成员节点上的SSH用户都对等,在每个节点上执行下面的命令:

#su - grid

#ssh tydic63 date

#ssh tydic64 date

#exec /usr/bin/ssh-agent $SHELL

#/usr/bin/ssh-add

使用oracle用户也进行一次同样的操作

现在在这两台服务器之间gridoracle用户应该可以不要密码使用SSHSCP了。

注:这里也可以不配置ssh,在后面安装gridoracle程序的时候,系统有选项可以自动配置(经过了验证),但个人建议,我们先配置好,到时候在验证,否则如果系统自动配置出现问题,再去解决可能会比较麻烦

 

6.配置ntp

修改/etc/sysconfig/ntpd 增加一个-x参数

# Drop root to id 'ntp:ntp' by default.

OPTIONS="-x -u ntp:ntp -p /var/run/ntpd.pid"

# Set to 'yes' to sync hw clock after successful ntpdate

SYNC_HWCLOCK=no

# Additional options for ntpdate

NTPDATE_OPTIONS=""

改完后,重起ntp服务 

#/sbin/service ntpd restart

 

 

7.安装ASM、划分存储并配置ASM

71安装ASMrpm

oracleasm-2.6.18-128.el5-2.0.5-1.el5.x86_64.rpm

oracleasmlib-2.0.4-1.el5.x86_64.rpm

oracleasm-support-2.1.3-1.el5.x86_64.rpm

上面使ASM对于linuxrpm

#rpm -Uvh oracleasm-****.x86_64.rpm

 

72配置ASMLIB

#/usr/sbin/oracleasm configure ;显示当前配置

ORACLEASM_ENABLED=false

ORACLEASM_UID=

ORACLEASM_GID=

ORACLEASM_SCANBOOT=true

ORACLEASM_SCANORDER=""

ORACLEASM_SCANEXCLUDE=""

 

#/usr/sbin/oracleasm configure i;开始配置

 

Default user to own the driver interface []: grid

Default group to own the driver interface []: asmadmin

Start Oracle ASM library driver on boot (y/n) [n]: y

Scan for Oracle ASM disks on boot (y/n) [y]: y

Writing Oracle ASM library driver configuration: done

完成后将在系统中建立 /etc/sysconfig/oracleasm /dev/oracleasm Mounts ASMLib driver file system 

#/etc/init.d/oracleasm start

Creating /dev/oracleasm mount point:                       [  OK  ]

#/etc/init.d/oracleasm enable

Writing Oracle ASM library driver configuration:   [ OK ]

Loading module "oracleasm":                        [ OK ]

Mounting ASMlib driver filesystem:                 [ OK ]

Scanning system for ASM disks:                     [ OK ]

或者执行

#/usr/sbin/oracleasm init 

 

73划分存储

#fdisk /dev/sdb

 

Command (m for help): n

Command action

e   extended

p   primary partition (1-4)

p

Partition number (1-4): 1

First cylinder (1-261, default 1):

Using default value 1

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-261, default 261):

Using default value 261

 

Command (m for help): w

The partition table has been altered!

1:如果该硬盘之前已经被ASM使用过了,就需要重新格式化,再划分

2ASM对硬盘的大小是有限制的,不能太小,太小后面安装grid的时候会报错,具体值暂时没有查到。

#fdisk -l /dev/sdb

检查划分的结果

依次操作,分别在三个磁盘完成建立分区操作

 

74ASM划分空间

[root@tydic63 ~]# oracleasm createdisk CRSVOL1 /dev/sdb1

Writing disk header: done

Instantiating disk: done

[root@tydic63 ~]# oracleasm createdisk DATAVOL1 /dev/sdc1

Writing disk header: done

Instantiating disk: done

[root@tydic63 ~]# oracleasm createdisk FRAVOL1 /dev/sdd1

Writing disk header: done

Instantiating disk: done

 

tydi64,找到tydic63建好的三个asm磁盘:

[root@tydic64 ~]# oracleasm scandisks

Reloading disk partitions: done

Cleaning any stale ASM disks...

Scanning system for ASM disks...

Instantiating disk "CRSVOL1"

Instantiating disk "DATAVOL1"

Instantiating disk "FRAVOL1"

 

确认在两个节点都能看到已建好的asm磁盘:

[root@tydic63 ~]# oracleasm listdisks

CRSVOL1

DATAVOL1

FRAVOL1

[root@tydic64 ~]# oracleasm listdisks

CRSVOL1

DATAVOL1

FRAVOL1

1:磁盘名称是ASCII大写字母、数字和下划线。它们必须以字母开始。

2ASMLib只可以配置磁盘分区,不可以配置整个磁盘

 

 

 

8.安装grid软件(Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster

81安装 cvuqdisk Package for Linux(两个节点都要安装)

按以下方式完成安装:

先从grid用户开始:  

$su  转到root用户

改环境变量 

#CVUQDISK_GRP=oinstall; export CVUQDISK_GRP 

开始安装

#rpm -iv cvuqdisk-1.0.7-1.rpm

Preparing packages for installation...

cvuqdisk-1.0.7-1

 

82安装环境检测

上传grid软件、database软件到/public目录下

grid用户登入系统

$cd /public/grid (该目录是grid安装文件存在目录)

$./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n tydic63,tydic64 -fixup -verbose

获得结果Pre-check for cluster services setup was successful on all the nodes.则表明安装环境具备。

如果出现Please run the following script on each node as "root" user to execute the fixups:/tmp/CVU_11.2.0.1.0_grid/runfixup.sh'

则需要使用root用户执行上面额命令,然后再检查环境,直到环境具备。

 

83安装grid软件(Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster

使用xwindows软件进行安装

使用grid用户登入系统

$export DISPLAY=IP:0.0

$cd /public/grid  (该目录是grid安装文件存在目录)

$./runInstaller

"Advanced Installation

 

 

 

选择语言,添加Simplified Chinese

配置SCAN参数,不需配GNS

 

添加tydic64节点,并测试ssh,如前面配置ssh正确,测试顺利通过。(该处ssh connectivity选项,可以在线配置ssh

/etc/hosts文件无误,系统可正确识别出公、私网段

OCR磁盘选用ASM类型

OCR磁盘建立并选择ASM磁盘组,如下图配置

Use same passwords for these accounts

Do not use Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI)

 

 

配置asm的各个组

分配安装路径,如环境变量无配置失误,则自动填写的路径与环境变量一致

 

 

OUI路径 开始检查

检查结果

安装

root用户在两节点执行下图脚本

orainstaRoot.sh这个脚本执行很容易通过

执行root.sh的结果:

Tydic63

# ./root.sh

Running Oracle 11g root.sh script...

 

The following environment variables are set as:

    ORACLE_OWNER= grid

    ORACLE_HOME=  /u09/app/11.2.0/grid

 

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:

The file "dbhome" already exists in /usr/local/bin.  Overwrite it? (y/n)

[n]: y

   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...

The file "oraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin.  Overwrite it? (y/n)

[n]: y

   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

The file "coraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin.  Overwrite it? (y/n)

[n]: y

   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

 

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by

Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

Finished running generic part of root.sh script.

Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

2010-02-08 15:39:09: Parsing the host name

2010-02-08 15:39:09: Checking for super user privileges

2010-02-08 15:39:09: User has super user privileges

Using configuration parameter file: /u09/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params

Creating trace directory

LOCAL ADD MODE

Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..

Operation successful.

  root wallet

  root wallet cert

  root cert export

  peer wallet

  profile reader wallet

  pa wallet

  peer wallet keys

  pa wallet keys

  peer cert request

  pa cert request

  peer cert

  pa cert

  peer root cert TP

  profile reader root cert TP

  pa root cert TP

  peer pa cert TP

  pa peer cert TP

  profile reader pa cert TP

  profile reader peer cert TP

  peer user cert

  pa user cert

Adding daemon to inittab

CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.

ohasd is starting

ADVM/ACFS is not supported on centos-release-5-3.el5.centos.1

 

 

 

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

 

ASM created and started successfully.

 

DiskGroup CRS created successfully.

 

clscfg: -install mode specified

Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.

Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..

Operation successful.

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-4256: Updating the profile

Successful addition of voting disk 0c3ca42e13dc4f52bf3845185dc9c0cc.

Successfully replaced voting disk group with +CRS.

CRS-4256: Updating the profile

CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced

##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group

--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------

 1. ONLINE   0c3ca42e13dc4f52bf3845185dc9c0cc (ORCL:CRSVOL1) [CRS]

Located 1 voting disk(s).

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'tydic63' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.CRS.dg' on 'tydic63'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.CRS.dg' on 'tydic63' succeeded

 

tydic63     2010/02/08 15:43:23     /u09/app/11.2.0/grid/cdata/tydic63/backup_20100208_154323.olr

Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded

Updating inventory properties for clusterware

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

 

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 18047 MB    Passed

The inventory pointer is located at /etc/oraInst.loc

The inventory is located at /u09/app/oraInventory

'UpdateNodeList' was successful.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tydic64

# ./root.sh

Running Oracle 11g root.sh script...

 

The following environment variables are set as:

    ORACLE_OWNER= grid

    ORACLE_HOME=  /u09/app/11.2.0/grid

 

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:

The file "dbhome" already exists in /usr/local/bin.  Overwrite it? (y/n)

[n]: y

   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...

The file "oraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin.  Overwrite it? (y/n)

[n]: y

   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

The file "coraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin.  Overwrite it? (y/n)

[n]: y

   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

 

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by

Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

Finished running generic part of root.sh script.

Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

2010-02-08 15:43:47: Parsing the host name

2010-02-08 15:43:47: Checking for super user privileges

2010-02-08 15:43:47: User has super user privileges

Using configuration parameter file: /u09/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params

Creating trace directory

LOCAL ADD MODE

Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..

Operation successful.

Adding daemon to inittab

CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.

ohasd is starting

ADVM/ACFS is not supported on centos-release-5-3.el5.centos.1

 

 

 

CRS-4402: The CSS daemon was started in exclusive mode but found an active CSS daemon on node tydic63, number 1, and is terminating

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'tydic64' succeeded

An active cluster was found during exclusive startup, restarting to join the cluster

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'tydic64' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'tydic64'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'tydic64' succeeded

 

tydic64     2010/02/08 15:46:08     /u09/app/11.2.0/grid/cdata/tydic64/backup_20100208_154608.olr

Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded

Updating inventory properties for clusterware

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

 

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 19967 MB    Passed

The inventory pointer is located at /etc/oraInst.loc

The inventory is located at /u09/app/oraInventory

'UpdateNodeList' was successful.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

执行完脚本,继续进行,最后会出现一个报错,不必管他,只是个dns的校验错误,不影响的。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

84使用asmca建立数据与Fast Recovery Area用到的磁盘组

选择磁盘组,点Create,建立RACDB_DATAFRA磁盘组

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.安装数据库软件(oracle database

使用xwindows软件进行安装

使用oracle用户登入系统

$export DISPLAY=IP:0.0

$cd /public/database  (该目录是oracle安装文件存在目录)

$./runInstaller

不选I wish to receive security updates via My Oracle SupportEmail也可不填

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Install database software only

Real Application Clusters database installation,能看到两个节点已自动被选中(该处的ssh connectivity选项可以在线配置ssh

 

 

选择语言  添加Simplified Chinese

Enterprise Edition,缺省组件如图

 

 

安装路径自动按环境变量填入

数据库工作组选择,注意要有oper组,否则稍后用DBCA建库时可能发生不能识别出ASM磁盘组现象

检查

结果

 

 

Finish开始安装

在两节点上用root用户执行脚本,完成Oracle软件安装

 

 

执行root.sh的结果:

# ./root.sh

Running Oracle 11g root.sh script...

 

The following environment variables are set as:

    ORACLE_OWNER= ora11g

    ORACLE_HOME=  /u09/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

 

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:

The file "dbhome" already exists in /usr/local/bin.  Overwrite it? (y/n)

[n]: y

   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...

The file "oraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin.  Overwrite it? (y/n)

[n]: y

   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

The file "coraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin.  Overwrite it? (y/n)

[n]: y

   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

 

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by

Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

Finished running generic part of root.sh script.

Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

Finished product-specific root actions.

 

10.建库

使用xwindows软件进行安装

使用oracle用户登入系统

$export DISPLAY=IP:0.0

$dbca

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oracle Real Application Clusters database

Create a Database

 

 

 

 

Custom Database

填入oracle sid,选所有节点

 

 

 

 

Configure Enterprise Manager / Configure Database Control for local management

Use the Same Administrative Password for All Accounts

 

 

 

 

配置数据文件位置如下图,RACDB_DATA为前步建好的ASM磁盘组

配置ASMSNMP密码(前面安装grid是设置的密码)

 

 

 

 

配置Fast Recovery Area,选取前步所建的FRA磁盘组,容量为该磁盘组容量的85%

继续,用缺省配置

 

 

 

配置SGA、字符集等(将sga调整小的时候会报错,可以忽略)

配置系统表空间等

 

 

 

 

生成建库脚本,开始

建库完成之后,可以用grid用户执行

$crs_stat –t

检查所有节点的资源组是否都启动。

目前发现11glistener文件是在grid用户的$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin

tnsname文件则是在oracle用户下的$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin下,

其次oracle11galterlog文件的位置是可以配置的,不固定在$ORACLE_BASE/admin/sid/bdump下。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

论坛徽章:
0
发表于 2013-04-13 18:40 |显示全部楼层
真实牛逼,崇拜至极
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则 发表回复

SACC2019中国系统架构师大会

【数字转型 架构演进】SACC2019中国系统架构师大会,7折限时优惠重磅来袭!
2019年10月31日~11月2日第11届中国系统架构师大会(SACC2019)将在北京隆重召开。四大主线并行的演讲模式,1个主会场、20个技术专场、超千人参与的会议规模,100+来自互联网、金融、制造业、电商等领域的嘉宾阵容,将为广大参会者提供一场最具价值的技术交流盛会。

限时七折期:2019年8月31日前


----------------------------------------

大会官网>>
  

北京盛拓优讯信息技术有限公司. 版权所有 16024965号-6 北京市公安局海淀分局网监中心备案编号:11010802020122
中国互联网协会会员  联系我们:huangweiwei@it168.com
感谢所有关心和支持过ChinaUnix的朋友们 转载本站内容请注明原作者名及出处

清除 Cookies - ChinaUnix - Archiver - WAP - TOP