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国内云平台概略 [复制链接]

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IT运维版块每日发帖之星
日期:2015-06-26 22:20:00IT运维版块每日发帖之星
日期:2015-06-29 22:20:00
发表于 2011-12-23 02:32 |显示全部楼层
<div class="Section0"><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:16.0000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">(一)国内成型的云服务大户</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:16.0000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">1、</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">新浪云</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">网址:</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; ">http://sae.sina.com.cn/</span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">2、</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">盛大云</span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">网址:</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; ">http://www.grandcloud.cn</span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">(</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">MongoIC<font face="宋体">尚未发布,功能未知</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">)</span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-weight: bold; ">3、</span><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: 宋体; font-weight: bold; ">阿里云</span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">网址:</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; ">http://www.aliyun.com</span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="font-size: 10.5pt; ">4</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">、</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">维赛网</span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">网址:</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; color:rgb(0,0,255); text-decoration:underline ;font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; ">http://www.wissip.com/</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; ">&nbsp;</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; "><br></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; text-align:center; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; ">&nbsp;</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; "></span></p><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:16.0000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">(二)</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:16.0000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; ">云服务平台的分类</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:16.0000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; "></span><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">1<font face="宋体">、</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; ">按</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">收费类型分为</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">免费和收费</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">两种。</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="text-indent:21.0000pt; margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">除了新浪云小型应用免费外,其它都收费</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">2、</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">按云服务基于的设备平台可分为</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">PC<font face="宋体">平台和移动平台</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">两种。</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;阿里云平台针对其自有手机操作系统“阿里云<font face="Times New Roman">OS</font><font face="宋体">”进行拓展。其它则仍然是以传统</font><font face="Times New Roman">PC</font><font face="宋体">为业务访问对象的。</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">3、</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">按云系统基础软件构成分类,可分为</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">Linux<font face="宋体">(包括</font><font face="Times New Roman">Unix</font><font face="宋体">)平台和</font><font face="Times New Roman">Windows</font><font face="宋体">平台</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">两大类型。</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">4、</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">按行业还可以进行细分,如:</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;盛大云侧重</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; ">数字出版平台</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">,新浪对微博的支持非常出色,阿里云对网购及卖家数据搜索有专业的工具,维赛网则做行业软件平台侧重在<font face="Times New Roman">CRM</font><font face="宋体">、物流、在线办公等方面。</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; "></span></p><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:16.0000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">(三)相似点</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:16.0000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">1、</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">基础服务软件架构相似</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="text-indent:21.0000pt; margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">他们都是采用<font face="Times New Roman">LAMP</font><font face="宋体">作为基本技术架构的,即使用</font><font face="Times New Roman">Linux</font><font face="宋体">作为服务器操作系统,采用</font><font face="Times New Roman">Apache</font><font face="宋体">作为</font><font face="Times New Roman">Web</font><font face="宋体">服务器,使用</font><font face="Times New Roman">MySQL</font><font face="宋体">作为主流数据库服务器(但盛大云存储例外,使用了</font><font face="Times New Roman">key/value</font><font face="宋体">的数据存储方式),几乎清一色的</font><font face="Times New Roman">PHP</font><font face="宋体">脚本。</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="text-indent:21.0000pt; margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">在<font face="Times New Roman">LAMP</font><font face="宋体">基础上使用</font><font face="Times New Roman">Xen</font><font face="宋体">或</font><font face="Times New Roman">KVM</font><font face="宋体">作为虚拟机平台,云入口配以负载均衡集群,云后端加上分布式数据库集群,采用双机或多机同备的方式维护云服务</font><font face="Times New Roman">24*24</font><font face="宋体">持续运行,达到高可用的效果。</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">2、</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">核心云服务几乎相同</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;到目前为止,除了阿里手机云外,其余的都是提供一个优异的<font face="Times New Roman">B/S</font><font face="宋体">程序安放地,完成的是平时</font><font face="Times New Roman">IDC</font><font face="宋体">提供的虚拟主机或独立主机任务。</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; "></span></p><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:16.0000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">(四)值得注意之处</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:16.0000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">1、</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">都是孤立云,形成的是大面积的信息孤岛</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;每个云服务提供商只是结合自身特点对外提供云服务,服务商之间是没有联系的。也就是说,一款应用同时跑在<font face="Times New Roman">sina</font><font face="宋体">云和盛大云上,虽然软件界面一样、功能一样,但是数据库不同、且是异构,</font><font face="Times New Roman">sina</font><font face="宋体">的用户将不能直接使用盛大的,</font><font face="Times New Roman">sina</font><font face="宋体">用户的资料只在</font><font face="Times New Roman">sina</font><font face="宋体">云中。</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">2、</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">缺乏更多关键特色</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="text-indent:21.0000pt; margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">象阿里云这样的手机云服务算是比较有特色的,其它平台特色不鲜明,从访客数量来看都比较平淡,如果仅是把虚拟主机从<font face="Times New Roman">IDC</font><font face="宋体">那里移动到云中,这样的云计算意义不大。真应该多学学亚马逊,想着把所有</font><font face="Times New Roman">PC</font><font face="宋体">功能都放到云中去。</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">3、</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">云开发工具不充分</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;国内没有像样的云服务开发专用语言。新浪给出的<font face="Times New Roman">API</font><font face="宋体">绝大多数都是微博接口,</font><font face="Times New Roman">Wissip</font><font face="宋体">做的算是不错,提供登陆、存储、认证、工作流等的</font><font face="Times New Roman">API</font><font face="宋体">。</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">4<font face="宋体">、云服务的关键</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="text-indent:21.0000pt; margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">云,本质并不是一个新奇的事情,只是一个包装华丽的糖果而已,把过去开源的<font face="Times New Roman">LAMP</font><font face="宋体">结合集群技术打了个包。根本上讲就是提供</font><font face="Times New Roman">B/S</font><font face="宋体">架构的应用程序,无非是从</font><font face="Times New Roman">PC</font><font face="宋体">机上访问、还是从手机或是平板电脑上访问而已。</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="text-indent:21.0000pt; margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">但这毕竟非常方便,在线使用<font face="Times New Roman">Mircosoft&nbsp;Word</font><font face="宋体">,本地机器甚至什么都不用安装,直接一个浏览器就解决所有问题(</font><font face="Times New Roman">Google</font><font face="宋体">的</font><font face="Times New Roman">Chrome&nbsp;OS</font><font face="宋体">)。</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">可是最关键的我觉得并不是技术,而是数据的共享和深度挖掘,尤其是云与云间的数据共享更重要。</span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">如果一个用户使用<font face="Times New Roman">QQ</font><font face="宋体">号,还能登陆新浪用微博、同一账号还能去盛大看在线小说,然后转身过来就可以用</font><font face="Times New Roman">Wissip</font><font face="宋体">的灰姑娘</font><font face="Times New Roman">OA</font><font face="宋体">办公。如果云不同,他得注册</font><font face="Times New Roman">N</font><font face="宋体">个账号,历经</font><font face="Times New Roman">N</font><font face="宋体">次输入。</font></span><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="text-indent:21.0000pt; margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-weight:bold; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; ">结论:云计算只是形式,数据共享和深度挖掘才是实质,才是战略要地。如果大家对这个方向感兴趣,可以到我的博客深入了解。</span></p><p class="p0" style="margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'Times New Roman'; "></span></p><p class="p0" style="text-indent:21.0000pt; margin-bottom:0pt; margin-top:0pt; word-break:break-all; text-align:right; "><span style="mso-spacerun:'yes'; font-size:10.5000pt; font-family:'宋体'; "></span></p></div>
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SACC2019中国系统架构师大会

【数字转型 架构演进】SACC2019中国系统架构师大会,8.5折限时优惠重磅来袭!
2019年10月31日~11月2日第11届中国系统架构师大会(SACC2019)将在北京隆重召开。四大主线并行的演讲模式,1个主会场、20个技术专场、超千人参与的会议规模,100+来自互联网、金融、制造业、电商等领域的嘉宾阵容,将为广大参会者提供一场最具价值的技术交流盛会。

限时8.5折扣期:2019年9月30日前


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