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[开发环境] 用ramdisk起根文件系统时,出现Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init! [复制链接]

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发表于 2012-03-12 19:22 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 yff1030 于 2012-03-12 19:26 编辑

我所使用的开发板是Mini2440,
内核版本:2.6.29
交叉编译器:4.4.3
我在跟着国嵌的实验手册练习“用ramdisk起根文件系统”时,制作好根文件系统后,通过tftp下载之后,在启动内核的时候,串口终端出现如下信息:
Mini2440 # bootm 31000000
## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 31000000 ...
   Image Name:   Linux-2.6.29.4-FriendlyARM
   Created:      2012-03-12   9:38:38 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
   Data Size:    1932104 Bytes =  1.8 MB
   Load Address: 30008000
   Entry Point:  30008000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
   Loading Kernel Image ... OK
OK

Starting kernel ...

Uncompressing Linux............................................................................................................................. done, booting the kernel.
Linux version 2.6.29.4-FriendlyARM (root@yff) (gcc version 4.4.3 (ctng-1.6.1) ) #1 Mon Mar 12 17:38:32 CST 2012
CPU: ARM920T [41129200] revision 0 (ARMv4T), cr=c0007177
CPU: VIVT data cache, VIVT instruction cache
Machine: FriendlyARM Mini2440 development board
Warning: bad configuration page, trying to continue
Memory policy: ECC disabled, Data cache writeback
CPU S3C2440A (id 0x32440001)
S3C24XX Clocks, (c) 2004 Simtec Electronics
S3C244X: core 405.000 MHz, memory 101.250 MHz, peripheral 50.625 MHz
CLOCK: Slow mode (1.500 MHz), fast, MPLL on, UPLL on
Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 16256
Kernel command line: initrd=0x32000000,0x200000 root=/dev/ram rw console=ttySAC0 mem=64M
irq: clearing subpending status 00000003
irq: clearing subpending status 00000002
PID hash table entries: 256 (order: 8, 1024 bytes)
Console: colour dummy device 80x30
console [ttySAC0] enabled
Dentry cache hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
Inode-cache hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
Memory: 64MB = 64MB total
Memory: 58732KB available (3540K code, 408K data, 136K init)
SLUB: Genslabs=12, HWalign=32, Order=0-3, MinObjects=0, CPUs=1, Nodes=1
Calibrating delay loop... 201.93 BogoMIPS (lpj=504832)
Mount-cache hash table entries: 512
CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok
net_namespace: 296 bytes
NET: Registered protocol family 16
S3C2440: Initialising architecture
S3C2440: IRQ Support
S3C24XX DMA Driver, (c) 2003-2004,2006 Simtec Electronics
DMA channel 0 at c4808000, irq 33
DMA channel 1 at c4808040, irq 34
DMA channel 2 at c4808080, irq 35
DMA channel 3 at c48080c0, irq 36
S3C244X: Clock Support, DVS off
bio: create slab <bio-0> at 0
SCSI subsystem initialized
usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
usbcore: registered new device driver usb
cfg80211: Using static regulatory domain info
cfg80211: Regulatory domain: US
        (start_freq - end_freq @ bandwidth), (max_antenna_gain, max_eirp)
        (2402000 KHz - 2472000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (600 mBi, 2700 mBm)
        (5170000 KHz - 5190000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (600 mBi, 2300 mBm)
        (5190000 KHz - 5210000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (600 mBi, 2300 mBm)
        (5210000 KHz - 5230000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (600 mBi, 2300 mBm)
        (5230000 KHz - 5330000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (600 mBi, 2300 mBm)
        (5735000 KHz - 5835000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (600 mBi, 3000 mBm)
cfg80211: Calling CRDA for country: US
NET: Registered protocol family 2
IP route cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
TCP established hash table entries: 2048 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
TCP bind hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
TCP: Hash tables configured (established 2048 bind 204
TCP reno registered
NET: Registered protocol family 1
checking if image is initramfs...it isn't (no cpio magic); looks like an initrd
Freeing initrd memory: 2048K
yaffs Mar 12 2012 17:32:57 Installing.
msgmni has been set to 118
alg: No test for stdrng (krng)
io scheduler noop registered (default)
Console: switching to colour frame buffer device 30x20
fb0: s3c2410fb frame buffer device
backlight       initialized
leds    initialized
buttons initialized
pwm     initialized
adc     initialized
s3c2440-uart.0: s3c2410_serial0 at MMIO 0x50000000 (irq = 70) is a S3C2440
s3c2440-uart.1: s3c2410_serial1 at MMIO 0x50004000 (irq = 73) is a S3C2440
s3c2440-uart.2: s3c2410_serial2 at MMIO 0x50008000 (irq = 76) is a S3C2440
brd: module loaded
loop: module loaded
dm9000 Ethernet Driver, V1.31
Now use the default MAC address: 08:90:90:90:90:90
eth0 (dm9000): not using net_device_ops yet
eth0: dm9000e at c4810000,c4814004 IRQ 51 MAC: 08:90:90:90:90:90 (friendly-arm)
usbcore: registered new interface driver rt73usb
Linux video capture interface: v2.00
gspca: main v2.4.0 registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver conex
conex: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver etoms
etoms: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver finepix
finepix: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver mars
mars: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver ov519
ov519: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver ov534
ov534: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver pac207
pac207: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver pac7311
pac7311: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver sonixb
sonixb: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver sonixj
sonixj: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver spca500
spca500: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver spca501
spca501: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver spca505
spca505: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver spca506
spca506: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver spca508
spca508: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver spca561
spca561: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver sunplus
sunplus: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver stk014
stk014: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver t613
t613: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver tv8532
tv8532: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver vc032x
vc032x: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver zc3xx
zc3xx: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver ALi m5602
ALi m5602: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver STV06xx
STV06xx: registered
usbcore: registered new interface driver uvcvideo
USB Video Class driver (v0.1.0)
initializing s3c2440 camera interface......
s3c2440 camif init done
Loading OV9650 driver.........
SCCB address 0x60, manufacture ID 0xFFFF, expect 0x7FA2
SCCB address 0x60, manufacture ID 0xFFFF, expect 0x7FA2
No OV9650 found!!!
Driver 'sd' needs updating - please use bus_type methods
S3C24XX NAND Driver, (c) 2004 Simtec Electronics
s3c2440-nand s3c2440-nand: Tacls=3, 29ns Twrph0=7 69ns, Twrph1=3 29ns
NAND device: Manufacturer ID: 0xec, Chip ID: 0xda (Samsung NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit)
Scanning device for bad blocks
Bad eraseblock 46 at 0x0000005c0000
Bad eraseblock 47 at 0x0000005e0000
Bad eraseblock 1032 at 0x000008100000
Creating 4 MTD partitions on "NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit":
0x000000000000-0x000000060000 : "supervivi"
0x000000060000-0x000000260000 : "Kernel"
0x000000260000-0x000040260000 : "root"
mtd: partition "root" extends beyond the end of device "NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit" -- size truncated to 0xfda0000
0x000000000000-0x000040000000 : "nand"
mtd: partition "nand" extends beyond the end of device "NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit" -- size truncated to 0x10000000
ohci_hcd: USB 1.1 'Open' Host Controller (OHCI) Driver
s3c2410-ohci s3c2410-ohci: S3C24XX OHCI
s3c2410-ohci s3c2410-ohci: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
s3c2410-ohci s3c2410-ohci: irq 42, io mem 0x49000000
usb usb1: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0001
usb usb1: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1
usb usb1: Product: S3C24XX OHCI
usb usb1: Manufacturer: Linux 2.6.29.4-FriendlyARM ohci_hcd
usb usb1: SerialNumber: s3c24xx
usb usb1: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
hub 1-0:1.0: 2 ports detected
Initializing USB Mass Storage driver...
usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
USB Mass Storage support registered.
usbcore: registered new interface driver usbserial
usbserial: USB Serial Driver core
USB Serial support registered for pl2303
usbcore: registered new interface driver pl2303
pl2303: Prolific PL2303 USB to serial adaptor driver
mice: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice
s3c2410 TouchScreen successfully loaded
input: s3c2410 TouchScreen as /devices/virtual/input/input0
S3C24XX RTC, (c) 2004,2006 Simtec Electronics
s3c2410-rtc s3c2410-rtc: rtc disabled, re-enabling
s3c2410-rtc s3c2410-rtc: rtc core: registered s3c as rtc0
i2c /dev entries driver
s3c2440-i2c s3c2440-i2c: slave address 0x10
s3c2440-i2c s3c2440-i2c: bus frequency set to 98 KHz
s3c2440-i2c s3c2440-i2c: i2c-0: S3C I2C adapter
S3C2410 Watchdog Timer, (c) 2004 Simtec Electronics
s3c2410-wdt s3c2410-wdt: watchdog inactive, reset disabled, irq enabled
mapped channel 0 to 0
s3c2440-sdi s3c2440-sdi: powered down.
s3c2440-sdi s3c2440-sdi: initialisation done.
usbcore: registered new interface driver usbhid
usbhid: v2.6:USB HID core driver
Advanced Linux Sound Architecture Driver Version 1.0.18a.
No device for DAI UDA134X
No device for DAI s3c24xx-i2s
S3C24XX_UDA134X SoC Audio driver
UDA134X SoC Audio Codec
asoc: UDA134X <-> s3c24xx-i2s mapping ok
ALSA device list:
  #0: S3C24XX_UDA134X (UDA134X)
TCP cubic registered
RPC: Registered udp transport module.
RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
lib80211: common routines for IEEE802.11 drivers
s3c2410-rtc s3c2410-rtc: setting system clock to 2012-03-12 18:22:41 UTC (1331576561)
RAMDISK: Compressed image found at block 0
VFS: Mounted root (ext2 filesystem) on device 1:0.
Freeing init memory: 136K
s3c2440-sdi s3c2440-sdi: running at 0kHz (requested: 0kHz).
s3c2440-sdi s3c2440-sdi: running at 198kHz (requested: 197kHz).
s3c2440-sdi s3c2440-sdi: running at 198kHz (requested: 197kHz).
s3c2440-sdi s3c2440-sdi: running at 198kHz (requested: 197kHz).
s3c2440-sdi s3c2440-sdi: powered down.
Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init!
我不知道为什么就出现内核异常了!请高手指点!

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发表于 2012-03-13 21:47 |显示全部楼层
bug千千万,不一定都一样

0x000000260000-0x000040260000 : "root"
mtd: partition "root" extends beyond the end of device "NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit" -- size truncated to 0xfda0000
0x000000000000-0x000040000000 : "nand"
mtd: partition "nand" extends beyond the end of device "NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit" -- size truncated to 0x10000000

出现这四行log肯定有问题,256MB Flash是0x10000000,你的mtd表有问题。

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发表于 2012-03-14 08:36 |显示全部楼层
回复 2# onlyxuyang mtd表?我不知道是什么,可是,我只是按照国嵌的实验手册做的,我其他的没有做什么事情,谢谢你,我再找找原因


   
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