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[实践] get system call table in x86-64 Linux - 欢迎测试并报BUG [复制链接]

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发表于 2019-07-26 17:36 |显示全部楼层
get system call table in x86-64 Linux - 欢迎测试并报BUG   原作者:albcamus


#include <linux/kernel.h>

#include <linux/init.h>

#include <linux/module.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>

#include <asm/fcntl.h>

#include <asm/unistd.h>

#include <asm/ia32_unistd.h>

#include <asm/msr.h>







#define THIS_DESCRIPTION "Dynamically get sys_call_table/ia32_sys_call_table in kernel module.\n\t\tI don't think there would be anyone who won't enable CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION these days.\n\t\tso you can add the unessary check if you really want to."

MODULE_DESCRIPTION( THIS_DESCRIPTION );

MODULE_AUTHOR("albcamus <albcamus@gmail.com>";

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL";





/**

* TODO: if you want shut this up, comment the following line.

*/

#define BY_IDT_DEBUG



#ifdef BY_IDT_DEBUG

#define dbgprint(format,args...) \

                 printk("get_syscall: function:%s-L%d: "format, __FUNCTION__, __LINE__, ## args);

#else

#define dbgprint(format,args...)  do {} while(0);

#endif





/**

* sys call table

*/

void ** my_ia32_syscall_table;

void ** my_syscall_table;







/**

* 10 bytes  -- please refer to AMD64 Architecture Programmer's

*         Manuals for more information.

*/

struct idtr {

    unsigned short limit;

    unsigned long base; //in 64bit mode, base address is 8 bytes

} __attribute__ ((packed));





/**

* in long mode -- 64bit mode and compatity mode,

* every IDT entry has a 16-byte size

*/

struct idt {

    u16 offset_low;

    u16 segment;

    unsigned ist : 3, zero0 : 5, type : 5, dpl :2, p : 1;

    u16 offset_middle;

    u32 offset_high;

    u32 zero1;

} __attribute__ ((packed));









/**

* Return the first appearence of NEEDLE in HAYSTACK.  -- copied from PHRACK

* */

static void *memmem(const void *haystack, size_t haystack_len,

            const void *needle, size_t needle_len)

{/*{{{*/

    const char *begin;

    const char *const last_possible

        = (const char *) haystack + haystack_len - needle_len;



    if (needle_len == 0)

        /* The first occurrence of the empty string is deemed to occur at

           the beginning of the string.  */

        return (void *) haystack;



    /* Sanity check, otherwise the loop might search through the whole

       memory.  */

    if (__builtin_expect(haystack_len < needle_len, 0))

        return NULL;



    for (begin = (const char *) haystack; begin <= last_possible;

         ++begin)

        if (begin[0] == ((const char *) needle)[0]

            && !memcmp((const void *) &begin[1],

                   (const void *) ((const char *) needle + 1),

                   needle_len - 1))

            return (void *) begin;



    return NULL;

}/*}}}*/





/**

* Find the location of ia32_sys_call_table

*/

static unsigned long get_syscall_table_ia32(void)

{/*{{{*/

#define OFFSET_SYSCALL 100    /* from system_call/ia32_syscall, we'll read first 150 bytes */



    struct idtr idtr;

    struct idt idt;



    unsigned long sys_call_off;

    unsigned long retval;



    char sc_asm[OFFSET_SYSCALL], *p;









    /* well, let's read IDTR */

    asm("sidt %0"

        :"=m"(idtr)

        : );



    dbgprint("idtr base at %p\n", (void *)idtr.base);



    /**

     * Read in IDT for vector 0x80 (syscall)

     */

    memcpy(&idt, (char *) idtr.base + 16 * 0x80, sizeof(idt));

    sys_call_off =  ( ( (unsigned long)idt.offset_high ) << 32 ) |

        ( ((idt.offset_middle << 16 ) | idt.offset_low) & 0x00000000ffffffff );

    dbgprint("sys_call_off at %p\n", (void *)sys_call_off);



    /* we have syscall routine address now, look for syscall table

       dispatch (indirect call) */

    memcpy(sc_asm, (void *)sys_call_off, OFFSET_SYSCALL);

    /**

     * ia32_call > ia32_tracesys > ia32_do_syscall > 'call *ia32_sys_call_table(,%rax,'

     * Find callq *ia32_sys_call_table(,%rax,

     *

     * (gdb) disassemble ia32_syscall

     * Dump of assembler code for function ia32_syscall:

     * 0xffffffff81066b98 <ia32_syscall+0>:    swapgs

     * 0xffffffff81066b9b <ia32_syscall+3>:    sti

     * 0xffffffff81066b9c <ia32_syscall+4>:    mov    %eax,%eax

     * 0xffffffff81066b9e <ia32_syscall+6>:    push   %rax

     * 0xffffffff81066b9f <ia32_syscall+7>:    cld

     * 0xffffffff81066ba0 <ia32_syscall+8>:    sub    $0x48,%rsp

     * 0xffffffff81066ba4 <ia32_syscall+12>:   mov    %rdi,0x40(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066ba9 <ia32_syscall+17>:   mov    %rsi,0x38(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066bae <ia32_syscall+22>:   mov    %rdx,0x30(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066bb3 <ia32_syscall+27>:   mov    %rcx,0x28(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066bb8 <ia32_syscall+32>:   mov    %rax,0x20(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066bbd <ia32_syscall+37>:   mov    %gs:0x10,%r10

     * 0xffffffff81066bc6 <ia32_syscall+46>:   sub    $0x1fd8,%r10

     * 0xffffffff81066bcd <ia32_syscall+53>:   orl    $0x2,0x14(%r10)

     * 0xffffffff81066bd2 <ia32_syscall+58>:   testl  $0x181,0x10(%r10)

     * 0xffffffff81066bda <ia32_syscall+66>:   jne    0xffffffff81066c04 <ia32_tracesys>

     * End of assembler dump.

     * (gdb) disassemble ia32_tracesys

     * Dump of assembler code for function ia32_tracesys:

     * 0xffffffff81066c04 <ia32_tracesys+0>:   sub    $0x30,%rsp

     * 0xffffffff81066c08 <ia32_tracesys+4>:   mov    %rbx,0x28(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066c0d <ia32_tracesys+9>:   mov    %rbp,0x20(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066c12 <ia32_tracesys+14>:  mov    %r12,0x18(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066c17 <ia32_tracesys+19>:  mov    %r13,0x10(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066c1c <ia32_tracesys+24>:  mov    %r14,0x8(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066c21 <ia32_tracesys+29>:  mov    %r15,(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066c25 <ia32_tracesys+33>:  movq   $0xffffffffffffffda,0x50(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81066c2e <ia32_tracesys+42>:  mov    %rsp,%rdi

     * 0xffffffff81066c31 <ia32_tracesys+45>:  callq  0xffffffff81073a02 <syscall_trace_enter>

     * 0xffffffff81066c36 <ia32_tracesys+50>:  mov    0x30(%rsp),%r11

     * 0xffffffff81066c3b <ia32_tracesys+55>:  mov    0x38(%rsp),%r10

     * 0xffffffff81066c40 <ia32_tracesys+60>:  mov    0x40(%rsp),%r9

     * 0xffffffff81066c45 <ia32_tracesys+65>:  mov    0x48(%rsp),%r8

     * 0xffffffff81066c4a <ia32_tracesys+70>:  mov    0x58(%rsp),%rcx

     * 0xffffffff81066c4f <ia32_tracesys+75>:  mov    0x60(%rsp),%rdx

     * 0xffffffff81066c54 <ia32_tracesys+80>:  mov    0x68(%rsp),%rsi

     * 0xffffffff81066c59 <ia32_tracesys+85>:  mov    0x70(%rsp),%rdi

     * 0xffffffff81066c5e <ia32_tracesys+90>:  mov    0x78(%rsp),%rax

     * 0xffffffff81066c63 <ia32_tracesys+95>:  mov    (%rsp),%r15

     * 0xffffffff81066c67 <ia32_tracesys+99>:  mov    0x8(%rsp),%r14

     * 0xffffffff81066c6c <ia32_tracesys+104>: mov    0x10(%rsp),%r13

     * 0xffffffff81066c71 <ia32_tracesys+109>: mov    0x18(%rsp),%r12

     * 0xffffffff81066c76 <ia32_tracesys+114>: mov    0x20(%rsp),%rbp

     * 0xffffffff81066c7b <ia32_tracesys+119>: mov    0x28(%rsp),%rbx

     * 0xffffffff81066c80 <ia32_tracesys+124>: add    $0x30,%rsp

     * 0xffffffff81066c84 <ia32_tracesys+128>: jmpq   0xffffffff81066bdc <ia32_do_syscall>

     * End of assembler dump.

     * (gdb) disassemble ia32_do_syscall

     * Dump of assembler code for function ia32_do_syscall:

     * 0xffffffff81066bdc <ia32_do_syscall+0>: cmp    $0x13d,%eax

     * 0xffffffff81066be1 <ia32_do_syscall+5>: ja     0xffffffff81066c89 <ia32_badsys>

     * 0xffffffff81066be7 <ia32_do_syscall+11>:        mov    %edi,%r8d

     * 0xffffffff81066bea <ia32_do_syscall+14>:        mov    %ebp,%r9d

     * 0xffffffff81066bed <ia32_do_syscall+17>:        xchg   %ecx,%esi

     * 0xffffffff81066bef <ia32_do_syscall+19>:        mov    %ebx,%edi

     * 0xffffffff81066bf1 <ia32_do_syscall+21>:        mov    %edx,%edx

     * 0xffffffff81066bf3 <ia32_do_syscall+23>:        callq  *0xffffffff812e7c70(,%rax,

     * End of assembler dump.

     * (gdb) x/xw ia32_do_syscall+23

     * 0xffffffff81066bf3 <ia32_do_syscall+23>:        0x70c514ff

     * (gdb)

     *

     */

    p = (char *) memmem(sc_asm, OFFSET_SYSCALL, "\xff\x14\xc5", 3);

    if (p == NULL) {

        printk("opcode not found, meats that we cannot find sys_call_table.\n";

        return 0;

    }



    retval = *(unsigned long *) (p + 3);

    return retval;

#undef OFFSET_SYSCALL

}/*}}}*/





/**

* Find the location of long-mode sys_call_table

*/

static unsigned long get_syscall_table_long(void)

{/*{{{*/

#define OFFSET_SYSCALL 150

    unsigned long syscall_long, retval;

    char sc_asm[OFFSET_SYSCALL];



    rdmsrl(MSR_LSTAR, syscall_long);

    dbgprint("long mode: system_call is at %p\n", (void *)syscall_long);



    memcpy(sc_asm, (char *)syscall_long, OFFSET_SYSCALL);





    /**

     * Find callq *sys_call_table(,%rax,

     * -------------------------------------

     * (gdb) disassemble system_call

     * Dump of assembler code for function system_call:

     * 0xffffffff81063750 <system_call+0>:     swapgs

     * 0xffffffff81063753 <system_call+3>:     mov    %rsp,%gs:0x18

     * 0xffffffff8106375c <system_call+12>:    mov    %gs:0x10,%rsp

     * 0xffffffff81063765 <system_call+21>:    sti

     * 0xffffffff81063766 <system_call+22>:    sub    $0x50,%rsp

     * 0xffffffff8106376a <system_call+26>:    mov    %rdi,0x40(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff8106376f <system_call+31>:    mov    %rsi,0x38(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81063774 <system_call+36>:    mov    %rdx,0x30(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81063779 <system_call+41>:    mov    %rax,0x20(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff8106377e <system_call+46>:    mov    %r8,0x18(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81063783 <system_call+51>:    mov    %r9,0x10(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81063788 <system_call+56>:    mov    %r10,0x8(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff8106378d <system_call+61>:    mov    %r11,(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81063791 <system_call+65>:    mov    %rax,0x48(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff81063796 <system_call+70>:    mov    %rcx,0x50(%rsp)

     * 0xffffffff8106379b <system_call+75>:    mov    %gs:0x10,%rcx

     * 0xffffffff810637a4 <system_call+84>:    sub    $0x1fd8,%rcx

     * 0xffffffff810637ab <system_call+91>:    testl  $0x181,0x10(%rcx)

     * 0xffffffff810637b2 <system_call+98>:    jne    0xffffffff81063889 <tracesys>

     * 0xffffffff810637b8 <system_call+104>:   cmp    $0x117,%rax

     * 0xffffffff810637be <system_call+110>:   ja     0xffffffff8106387b <badsys>

     * 0xffffffff810637c4 <system_call+116>:   mov    %r10,%rcx

     * 0xffffffff810637c7 <system_call+119>:   callq  *0xffffffff812e6d60(,%rax,

     * 0xffffffff810637ce <system_call+126>:   mov    %rax,0x20(%rsp)

     * End of assembler dump.

     * (gdb) x/xw system_call+119

     * 0xffffffff810637c7 <system_call+119>:   0x60c514ff

     * (gdb)

     */

    retval = (unsigned long) memmem(sc_asm, OFFSET_SYSCALL, "\xff\x14\xc5", 3);

    if ( retval != 0 ) {

        dbgprint("long mode : sys_call_table is at %p\n",

                (void *) (* (unsigned long *)(retval+3)) ) ;

        retval = (unsigned long) ( * (unsigned long *)(retval+3) );

    } else {

        printk("long mode : memmem found nothing, returning NULL \n";

        retval = 0;

    }



#undef OFFSET_SYSCALL

    return retval;

}/*}}}*/









static int get_syscall_init_module(void)

{/*{{{*/

    printk(KERN_DEBUG "get_syscall: Hi, you fucking linux!\n";



    my_ia32_syscall_table = (void **) get_syscall_table_ia32();

    if (my_ia32_syscall_table == 0)

        return -1;



    my_syscall_table = (void **) get_syscall_table_long();

    if (my_syscall_table == 0)

        return -1;



    dbgprint("ia32_sys_call_table address : %p\n", (void *) my_ia32_syscall_table);

    dbgprint("long mode : sys_call_table address : %p\n", (void *) my_syscall_table);



#define REPLACE_IA32(x) o_sys_##x = my_ia32_syscall_table[__NR_ia32_##x];\

    my_ia32_syscall_table[__NR_ia32_##x] = my_sys_##x



#define GET_OLD_IA32_SYSCALL_ADDR(x) my_ia32_syscall_table[__NR_ia32_##x]

//    dbgprint("sys_read at %p, my_read at %p\n", (void *)GET_OLD_IA32_SYSCALL_ADDR(read), (void *)my_sys_read);



//    REPLACE_IA32(read);

#undef REPLACE_IA32





    return 0;

}/*}}}*/





static void get_syscall_exit_module(void)

{/*{{{*/

    printk(KERN_DEBUG "get_syscall: bye, you fucking linux!\n";



#define RESTORE_IA32(x) my_ia32_syscall_table[__NR_ia32_##x] = o_sys_##x



//    RESTORE_IA32(read);



#undef RESTORE_IA32

}/*}}}*/



module_init(get_syscall_init_module);

module_exit(get_syscall_exit_module);





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