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lttng0.67 QuickStart [复制链接]

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发表于 2008-12-21 20:22 |显示全部楼层
Linux Trace Toolkit Quickstart
------------------------------
Author : Mathieu Desnoyers, September 2005
Last update : July 31, 2008
This document is made of four parts : the first one explains how to install
LTTng and LTTV from Debian and RPM binary packages, the second one explains how
to install LTTng and LTTV from sources and the third one describes the steps
to follow to trace a system and view it. The fourth and last part explains
briefly how to add a new trace point to the kernel and to user space
applications.
What you will typically want is to read sections 2 and 3 : install LTTng from
sources and use it.
These operations are made for installing the LTTng 0.67 tracer on a linux 2.6.X
kernel. You will also find instructions for installation of LTTV 0.12.x : the
Linux Trace Toolkit Viewer.
To see the list of compatibilities between LTTng, ltt-control, LTTV and
markers-userspace, please refer to :
http://ltt.polymtl.ca
> LTTng+LTTV versions compatibility

The following lttng patch is necessary to have the tracing hooks in the kernel.
The following ltt-control module controls the tracing.
Required programs and libraries are assumed to be automatically installed in an
installation with Debian or RPM packages. In the case of an installation from
sources, the dependencies are listed.
** Current development status **
LTTng :
supported architectures :
Intel Pentium (UP/SMP) with TSC
PowerPC 32 and 64 bits
ARM
x86_64
C2 Microsystems (variant of MIPS)
LTTV :
supported architectures :
Intel i386 and better
Intel 64 bits
PowerPC 32 and 64 bits
***********************************************************
** Section 1 * Installation from Debian or RPM packages  **
***********************************************************
* Create custom LTTV Debian packages
Use : dpkg-buildpackage -rfakeroot
You should then have your LTTV .deb files created for your architecture.
* Create custom LTTng packages
For building LTTng Debian packages :
Get the build tree with patches applies as explained in section 2.
make menuconfig (or xconfig or config) (customize your configuration)
make-kpkg kernel_image
You will then see your freshly created .deb in /usr/src. Install it with
dpkg -i /usr/src/(image-name).deb
Then, follow the section "Editing the system wide configuration" in section 2.
***********************************************************
** Section 2 * Installation from sources                 **
***********************************************************
* Prerequisites
Tools needed to follow the package download steps :
o wget
o bzip2
o gzip
o tar
You have to install the standard development libraries and programs necessary
to compile a kernel :
(from Documentation/Changes in the Linux kernel tree)
o  Gnu C                  2.95.3                  # gcc --version
o  Gnu make               3.79.1                  # make --version
o  binutils               2.12                    # ld -v
o  util-linux             2.10o                   # fdformat --version
o  module-init-tools      0.9.10                  # depmod -V
You might also want to have libncurses5 to have the text mode kernel
configuration menu, but there are alternatives.
Prerequisites for LTTV 0.x.x installation are :
gcc 3.2 or better
gtk 2.4 or better development libraries
  (Debian : libgtk2.0, libgtk2.0-dev)
  (Fedora : gtk2, gtk2-devel)
  note : For Fedora users : this might require at least core 3 from Fedora,
  or you might have to compile your own GTK2 library.
glib 2.4 or better development libraries
  (Debian : libglib2.0-0, libglib2.0-dev)
  (Fedora : glib2, glib2-devel)
libpopt development libraries
  (Debian : libpopt0, libpopt-dev)
  (Fedora : popt)
libpango development libraries
  (Debian : libpango1.0, libpango1.0-dev)
  (Fedora : pango, pango-devel)
libc6 development librairies
  (Debian : libc6, libc6-dev)
  (Fedora : glibc, glibc)
* Reminder
See the list of compatibilities between LTTng, ltt-control, LTTV and
markers-userspace at :
http://ltt.polymtl.ca
> LTTng+LTTV versions compatibility

* Getting the LTTng packages
su -
mkdir /usr/src/lttng
cd /usr/src/lttng
(see
http://ltt.polymtl.ca/lttng
for package listing)
wget
http://ltt.polymtl.ca/lttng/patch-2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx.tar.bz2
bzip2 -cd patch-2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx.tar.bz2 | tar xvof -
* Getting LTTng kernel sources
su -
cd /usr/src
wget
http://kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v2.6/linux-2.6.X.tar.bz2
bzip2 -cd linux-2.6.X.tar.bz2 | tar xvof -
cd linux-2.6.X
- For LTTng 0.9.4- cat /usr/src/lttng/patch*-2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx* | patch -p1
- For LTTng 0.9.5+ apply the patches in the order specified in the series file,
  or use quilt
cd ..
mv linux-2.6.X linux-2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx
* Installing a LTTng kernel
su -
cd /usr/src/linux-2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx
make menuconfig (or make xconfig or make config)
    Select the  button if you are not familiar with kernel
    configuration.
    Items preceded by
  • means they has to be built into the kernel.
        Items preceded by [M] means they has to be built as modules.
        Items preceded by [ ] means they should be removed.
      go to the "General setup" section
        Select the following options :
       
  • Activate tracepoints
       
  • Activate markers
       
  • Activate userspace markers ABI
         Compile generic tracing probes
        Linux Trace Toolkit  --->
        [LTTng fine-grained-timestamping]
       
  • Linux Trace Toolkit Instrumentation Support
         or  Linux Trace Toolkit Relay+DebugFS Support
         or  Linux Trace Toolkit Serializer
         or  Linux Trace Toolkit Marker Control
         or  Linux Trace Toolkit Tracer
          It makes no difference for the rest of the procedure whether the Tracer
          is compiled built-in or as a module.
        activate :
          
  • Align Linux Trace Toolkit Traces
            Linux Trace Toolkit Netlink Controller
            Linux Trace Toolkit State Dump
        your choice (see ) :
           [ ] Write heartbeat event to shrink traces
           [ ] Support trace extraction from crash dump
      Select
      Select
      Select
    make
    make modules_install
    (if necessary, create a initrd with mkinitrd or your preferate alternative)
    (mkinitrd -o /boot/initrd.img-2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx 2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx)
    -- on X86, X86_64
    make install
    reboot
    Select the Linux 2.6.17-lttng-0.x.xx kernel in your boot loader.
    -- on PowerPC
    cp vmlinux.strip /boot/vmlinux-2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx
    cp System.map /boot/System.map-2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx
    cp .config /boot/config-2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx
    depmod -ae -F /boot/System.map-2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx 2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx
    mkinitrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx 2.6.X-lttng-0.x.xx
    (edit /etc/yaboot.conf to add a new entry pointing to your kernel : the entry
    that comes first is the default kernel)
    ybin
    select the right entry at the yaboot prompt (see choices : tab, select : type
    the kernel name followed by enter)
    Select the Linux 2.6.17-lttng-0.x.xx kernel in your boot loader.
    --

    * Editing the system wide configuration
    You must activate debugfs and specify a mount point. This is typically done in
    fstab such that it happens at boot time.
    If you have never used DebugFS before, these operation would do this for you :
    mkdir /mnt/debugfs
    cp /etc/fstab /etc/fstab.lttng.bkp
    echo "debugfs         /mnt/debugfs    debugfs rw              0       0"  >> /etc/fstab
    then, rebooting or issuing the following command will activate debugfs :
    mount /mnt/debugfs
    You need to load the LTT modules to be able to control tracing from user
    space. This is done by issuing the following commands. Note however
    these commands load all LTT modules. Depending on what options you chose to
    compile statically, you may not need to issue all these commands.
    modprobe ltt-trace-control
    modprobe ltt-marker-control
    modprobe ltt-tracer
    modprobe ltt-serialize
    modprobe ltt-relay
    modprobe ipc-trace
    modprobe kernel-trace
    modprobe mm-trace
    modprobe net-trace
    modprobe fs-trace
    modprobe syscall-trace
    modprobe trap-trace
    #if locking tracing is wanted, uncomment the following
    #modprobe lockdep-trace
    If you want to have complete information about the kernel state (including all
    the process names), you need to load the ltt-statedump module. This is done by
    issuing the command :
    modprobe ltt-statedump
    You can automate at boot time loading the ltt-control module by :
    cp /etc/modules /etc/modules.bkp
    echo ltt-trace-control >> /etc/modules
    echo ltt-marker-control >> /etc/modules
    echo ltt-tracer >> /etc/modules
    echo ltt-serialize >> /etc/modules
    echo ltt-relay >> /etc/modules
    echo ipc-trace >> /etc/modules
    echo kernel-trace >> /etc/modules
    echo mm-trace >> /etc/modules
    echo net-trace >> /etc/modules
    echo fs-trace >> /etc/modules
    #if locking tracing is wanted, uncomment the following
    #echo lockdep-trace >> /etc/modules
    * Getting and installing the ltt-control package (on the traced machine)
    (note : the ltt-control package contains lttd and lttctl. Although it has the
    same name as the ltt-control kernel module, they are *not* the same thing.)
    su -
    cd /usr/src
    wget
    http://ltt.polymtl.ca/lttng/ltt-control-0.x-xxxx2006.tar.gz
    gzip -cd ltt-control-0.x-xxxx2006.tar.gz | tar xvof -
    cd ltt-control-0.x-xxxx2006
    (refer to README to see the development libraries that must be installed on you
    system)
    ./configure
    make
    make install
    * Getting and installing the markers-userspace package for user space tracing
    See
    http://ltt.polymtl.ca/packages/markers-userspace-0.5.tar.bz2
    or more recent.
    * Getting and installing the LTTV package (on the visualisation machine, same or
      different from the visualisation machine)
    su -
    cd /usr/src
    wget
    http://ltt.polymtl.ca/packages/lttv-0.x.xx-xxxx2008.tar.gz
    gzip -cd lttv-0.x.xx-xxxx2008.tar.gz | tar xvof -
    cd lttv-0.x.xx-xxxx2008
    (refer to README to see the development libraries that must be installed on your
    system)
    ./configure
    make
    make install

    ***********************************************************
    ** Section 3 * Using LTTng and LTTV                      **
    ***********************************************************
    * IMPORTANT : Arm Linux Kernel Markers after each boot
    ltt-armall
    * Use graphical LTTV to control tracing and analyse traces
    lttv-gui (or /usr/local/bin/lttv-gui)
      - Spot the "Tracing Control" icon : click on it
          (it's a traffic light icon)
        - enter the root password
        - click "start"
        - click "stop"
        - Yes
          * You should now see a trace
    * Use text mode LTTng to control tracing
    The tracing can be controlled from a terminal by using the lttctl command (as
    root).
    Start tracing :
    lttctl -C -w /tmp/trace1 trace1
    Stop tracing and destroy trace channels :
    lttctl -D trace1
    see lttctl --help for details.
    (note : to see if the buffers has been filled, look at the dmesg output after
    lttctl -R or after stopping tracing from the GUI, it will show an event lost
    count. If it is the case, try using larger buffers. See lttctl --help to learn
    how. lttv now also shows event lost messages in the console when loading a trace
    with missing events or lost subbuffers.)
    * Use text mode LTTV
    Feel free to look in /usr/local/lib/lttv/plugins to see all the text and
    graphical plugins available.
    For example, a simple trace dump in text format is available with :
    lttv -m textDump -t /tmp/trace
    see lttv -m textDump --help for detailed command line options of textDump.
    It is, in the current state of the project, very useful to use "grep" on the
    text output to filter by specific event fields. You can later copy the timestamp
    of the events to the clipboard and paste them in the GUI by clicking on the
    bottom right label "Current time". Support for this type of filtering should
    be added to the filter module soon.
    * Hybrid mode
    Starting from LTTng 0.5.105 and ltt-control 0.20, a new mode can be used :
    hybrid. It can be especially useful when studying big workloads on a long period
    of time.
    When using this mode, the most important, low rate control information will be
    recorded during all the trace by lttd (i.e. process creation/exit). The high
    rate information (i.e. interrupt/traps/syscall entry/exit) will be kept in a
    flight recorder buffer (now named flight-channelname_X).
    The following lttctl commands take an hybrid trace :
    Create trace channel, start lttd on normal channels, start tracing:
    lttctl -C -w /tmp/trace2 -o channel.kernel.overwrite=1 trace2
    Stop tracing, start lttd on flight recorder channels, destroy trace channels :
    lttctl -D -w /tmp/trace2 trace2
    Each "overwrite" channel is flight recorder channel.
    * Flight recorder mode
    The flight recorder mode writes data into overwritten buffers for all channels,
    including control channels, except for the facilities tracefiles. It consists of
    setting all channels to "overwrite".
    The following lttctl commands take a flight recorder trace :
    lttctl -C -w /tmp/trace3 -o channel.all.overwrite=1 trace3
    ...
    lttctl -D -w /tmp/trace3 trace3
    **************************************************************
    ** Section 4 * Adding new instrumentations with the markers **
    **************************************************************
    See Documentation/markers.txt and Documentation/tracepoints.txt in your kernel
    tree.
    * Add new events to userspace programs with userspace markers
    http://ltt.polymtl.ca/packages/
    Get the latest markers-userspace-*.tar.bz2 and see the Makefile and examples. It
    allows inserting markers in executables and libraries, currently only on x86_32
    and x86_64.


    本文来自ChinaUnix博客,如果查看原文请点:http://blog.chinaunix.net/u2/86775/showart_1732821.html
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