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android intent大全(转) [复制链接]

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发表于 2011-12-22 08:51 |显示全部楼层
android 中intent是经常要用到的。 不管是页面牵转,还是传递数据,或是调用外部程序,系统功能都要用到intent 在做了一些intent的例子之后,整理了一下intent,希望对大家有用。 由于intent内容太多,不可能真的写全,难免会有遗落,以后我会随时更新。如果你们有疑问或新的intent内容,希望交流。
★intent大全:
1.从google搜索内容
Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);
intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString")
startActivity(intent);

2.浏览网页
Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");
Intent it   = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);

3.显示地图
Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);

4.路径规划
Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI);
startActivity(it);

5.拨打电话
Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);   
startActivity(it);

6.调用发短信的程序
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");   
it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");   
startActivity(it);

7.发送短信
Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);   
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");   
startActivity(it);
String body="this is sms demo";
Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null));
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true);
startActivity(mmsintent);

8.发送彩信
Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra("sms_body", "some text");   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);   
it.setType("image/png");   
startActivity(it);
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
sb.append("file://");
sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null));
// Below extra datas are all optional.
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString());
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent);
startActivity(intent);

9.发送Email
Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
startActivity(it);
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "me@abc.com");   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");   
it.setType("text/plain");   
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));
Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};     
String[] ccs={"you@abc.com"};     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");     
it.setType("message/rfc822");     
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));   

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");   
sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");   
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));

10.播放多媒体   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3");
it.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3");
startActivity(it);
Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);   
startActivity(it);

11.uninstall apk
Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);   
startActivity(it);

12.install apk
Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null);
returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);

13. 打开照相机

<1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null);
          this.sendBroadcast(i);

    <2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis();
         String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg";
         fileName = folder + name;
         ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
         values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName);
         values.put("_data", fileName);
         values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName);
         values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);
         values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName);
         values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);
         Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert(
                   MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values);
           
         Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
         inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri);
         startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10);

14.从gallery选取图片
   Intent i = new Intent();
         i.setType("image/*");
         i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
         startActivityForResult(i, 11);

15. 打开录音机
Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION);
         startActivity(mi);

16.显示应用详细列表      
Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");        
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);        
startActivity(it);        
//where app_id is the application ID, find the ID         
//by clicking on your application on Market home         
//page, and notice the ID from the address bar     

刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以
Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=<packagename>");
这个简单多了

17寻找应用      
Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");        
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);        
startActivity(it);
//where pkg_name is the full package path for an application      

18打开联系人列表
         <1>           
          Intent i = new Intent();
          i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
          i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone");
          startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT);

         <2>
         Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people");
         Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri);
         startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT);

19 打开另一程序
Intent i = new Intent();
         ComponentName cn = new ComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2",
                   "com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch");
         i.setComponent(cn);
         i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN");
         startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK);
来自:http://4225953-163-com.iteye.com/blog/805379

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